Differences Between Urinalysis Urine Cytology AcuURO17

May 13, 20240

What are the differences between urinalysis, urine cytology, and the AcuURO-17?

While urine cytology, urinalysis, and AcuURO-17 are all diagnostic tests that involve urine, they are quite different. Urinalysis and urine cytology indeed play crucial roles and are essential diagnostic tools in the field of urology and contribute significantly to the early detection and management of urinary tract disorders, including infections, kidney diseases, and several types of cancers.

Here is a summary of their key points:


Purpose: Used for screening and managing different diseases and conditions such as urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney disease, and diabetes.

Process: Involves examining the appearance, concentration, and content of urine.

Detection: Can detect cells, cell fragments, or certain substances like crystals, protein, or glucose in urine.

Utility: Provides valuable information about the overall health and functioning of the urinary system, aiding in the diagnosis and management of various conditions.

Urine Cytology:

Purpose: Specifically used for diagnosing certain types of tumors, particularly invasive high-grade tumors, and carcinoma in situ.

Process: Involves examining cells in a urine sample under a microscope.

Accuracy: Highly accurate (95%) for diagnosing invasive high-grade tumors and carcinoma in situ.

Focus: Pathologists primarily look for cancer cells during the examination.

Utility: Useful in detecting and diagnosing urological cancers, guiding treatment decisions, and monitoring disease progression.

Urine cytology tests are indeed valuable tools in the detection of certain types of cancers, particularly bladder cancer. However, as mentioned, they do have limitations. False negatives can occur, meaning that a person may have cancer despite the test not detecting any abnormal cells. This underscores the importance of using urine cytology in conjunction with other diagnostic tests, which may include, repeating the test at a later date if there is suspicion of cancer.

In addition to bladder cancer detection, urine cytology tests may also be used in monitoring for cancer recurrence in individuals who have previously been treated for bladder cancer. This helps healthcare providers track the effectiveness of treatment and detect any potential recurrence early on.

Overall, urine cytology tests play a crucial role in cancer detection and monitoring, but they are most effective when used in conjunction with other diagnostic methods and clinical evaluation.


The AcuURO-17 is a diagnostic tool designed to enhance the detection of urothelial carcinoma, a type of cancer that affects the urinary system. Unlike traditional urine cytology, which may struggle to accurately identify low- grade carcinoma, the AcuURO-17 offers improved sensitivity and specificity for detecting both high-grade and low-grade urothelial carcinoma.

This diagnostic test utilizes a panel of biomarkers or molecular signatures present in urine samples associated with urothelial carcinoma. By analyzing these specific markers, the AcuURO-17 can provide a more comprehensive assessment of the presence and severity of urothelial carcinoma compared to conventional urine cytology.

The advantages of the AcuURO-17 over urine cytology alone include:

Enhanced accuracy: The AcuURO-17 is designed to provide a more accurate diagnosis of both high-grade and low-grade urothelial carcinoma compared to urine cytology alone.

Reduced false-negative results: Traditional urine cytology may produce false-negative results, particularly for low-grade carcinoma. The AcuURO-17 aims to minimize false negatives by detecting additional markers associated with urothelial carcinoma.

Comprehensive assessment: The panel of biomarkers or molecular signatures analyzed by the AcuURO-17 allows for a more comprehensive evaluation of the urine sample, potentially capturing subtle signs of urothelial carcinoma that may be missed by urine cytology alone.

Overall, the AcuURO-17 serves as a valuable adjunct to traditional urine cytology, offering improved diagnostic accuracy and reliability, particularly in the detection of low-grade urothelial carcinoma. By leveraging advanced molecular techniques, this diagnostic tool can aid healthcare providers in making more informed decisions regarding the diagnosis and management of urothelial carcinoma.

Processing, examining, and resulting the urine cytology/AcuURO-17 sample(s).

The process of processing and examining urine samples for cytology involves several steps. Upon arrival at the laboratory, the sample is processed by separating the cells of interest from the urine using a centrifuge. This machine spins the sample rapidly, allowing for the isolation of cells from the fluid. The isolated cells are then placed on microscope slides and stained with special dyes to enhance visibility under a microscope.

After staining, a pathologist or lab technician examines the cells under a microscope, looking for any abnormalities. If abnormal cells are found, they are marked on slides for further analysis. The pathologist then generates a report based on their findings and they will send it to the healthcare provider. The provider will go over the results with the patient and determine the next steps.

Resulting of urine cytology and/or AcuURO-17 tests depend on certain factors, including:

  • The time the specimen is received in the laboratory.
  • If the pathologist needs additional samples.
  • If the test requires special stains or procedures.
  • If your healthcare provider or the pathologist needs a second opinion.
  • Processing time.

To find out more about AcuURO-17, please contact us at [email protected] or 1-888-ACUPATH (228-7284).

This information is for educational purposes only and should not be used for diagnosing or treating health problems or disease and those seekingpersonal medical advice should consult with a licensed physician. Always seek the advice of your doctor or other qualified health provider regarding amedical condition.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *